Spanning the period between the two world wars, these styles drew from European modernism of the 1920s and 1930s.
Modernism is the general name given to the trend which embraced functionalism, technology and the elimination of applied historical ornamentation.
The influences of Le Corbusier, Eric Mendelssohn, W M Dudock and the Bauhaus were all important.
The Streamline Moderne style was a late branch of the Art Deco style.
The style emphasised curving forms, long horizontal lines, and sometimes nautical elements, such as ship railing balustrades and porthole windows. Features reminiscent of marine forms led to the adoption of the name P&O style or Ocean Liner style.
Using industrial products and machine-made components, the design was minimalist.
The buildings were simple geometric shapes with walls often cement rendered and painted white, complemented by brickwork. Windows were generally steel framed, some with curved glass.
The interiors often incorporated Art Deco motifs and designs in cornices, handrails, lights and hardware. Bathrooms and kitchens had a futuristic look as every available form of labour saving convenience was introduced to create ‘a machine for living’.